Some Important Facts on North Eastern States of India

Here are Some Important Facts on North Eastern States of India

north-east-states-india comprises of the following states:

    1. Arunachal Pradesh
    2. Assam
    3. Manipur
    4. Meghalaya
    5. Mizoram
    6. Nagaland
    7. Tripura, and
    8. Sikkim
  • The North Eastern part of India is also often referred to as “seven sisters” which comprises of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura, except Sikkim.

States in the North Eastern part of India and their capital

    1. Arunachal Pradesh – Itanagar
    2. Assam – Dispur
    3. Manipur – Imphal
    4. Meghalaya – Shillong
    5. Mizoram – Aizwal
    6. Nagaland – Kohima
    7. Tripura – Agartala
    8. Sikkim – Gangtok

Alternative names or Nicknames of North Eastern states of India

Places are also known by other names or referred to by nicknames depending on the special features of the place. The following are some of the nicknames of the North Eastern states of India. And also learn the meaning of the names of the North Eastern states of India.

    1. Arunachal Pradesh
      • Nickname: “Land of the rising Sun”
      • Literal meaning of Arunachal Pradesh: Arunachal means ‘dawn-lit mountains’ and Pradesh means ‘province or territory’.
      • Therefore, also popularly known as ‘Land of the Dawn-lit-Mountains
    2. Assam
      • Nickname: “Land of Blue Hills”
      • Also known as: Tea City of India
    3. Manipur
      • Nickname: “Jewelled land”
      • The word “Manipur” is made-up of two Sanskrit words (Maṇi), which means ‘jewel’ and (Purǝ), which means ‘land/place/abode‘. Manipur is mentioned in historic texts as Kangleipak or Meeteileipak.
    4. Meghalaya
      • Nickname: “The abode of clouds”
        • The name Meghalaya is derived from Sanskrit ‘megha‘ meaning “cloud” and  ā-laya meaning “abode“.
      • During the British rule of India, the British imperial authorities nicknamed Meghalaya the “Scotland of the East”.
    5. Mizoram
      • Nickname: “The Land of the Highlanders”.
      • The name Mizoram is derived from “Mizo“, the name of the native inhabitants, and “Ram“, which in the Mizo language means “land.” Thus “Mizo-ram” means “land of the Mizos
    6. Nagaland
    7. Tripura
      • Nickname: “Hill Tipperah”
    8. Sikkim
      • Nickname: “Valley of Rice”
      • Also known as “Land of Peace and Tranquility”.

Some Important Facts on North Eastern States of India

Arunachal Pradesh

  • Area: 83,743 km2 (32,333 sq mi), Rank: 14th among Indian States
  • It was under North-East Frontier Agency, and then as union territory from 21 January 1972 and later attained statehood on 20 February 1987
  • Motto of Arunachal Pradesh: Satyameva Jayate (Truth alone triumphs)
  • Anthem of Arunachal Pradesh: Arunachal Hamara (Our Arunachal)
  • State Bird of Arunachal Pradesh: Hornbill
  • State Fish of Arunachal Pradesh: Golden Mahseerref
  • State Flower of Arunachal Pradesh: Foxtail orchid
  • State Animal of Arunachal Pradesh: Mithun
  • State Tree of Arunachal Pradesh: Hollong
  • State Legislature type: Unicameral
  • State Legislative Assembly Seats : 60 seats
  • Representation to the Parliament of India
    • Rajya Sabha: 1 seat
    • Lok Sabha: 2 seats
  • High Court of Arunachal Pradesh: Guwahati High Court – Itanagar Bench
  • Official Language of Arunachal Pradesh:English
  • State Vehicle registration Code of Arunachal Pradesh: AR
  • Festivals : The Mopin Festival, The Losar festival, the Dree festival of Apatani, Chalo-Loku of Nocte, Solung of Adis, Ziro festival of music, Pangsau Pass Winter Festival, and Siang River Festival are some of the festivals observed in Arunachal Pradesh.

Assam

  • Area: 78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi), Rank: 16th among Indian States
  • Assam stated was formed on 26 January 1950.
    Assam was one of the original provincial divisions of British India.
    Assam has had a legislature since 1937
  • State Motto of Assam: Joi Aai Axom (Hail mother Assam)
  • State Anthem of Assam: “O Mur Apunar Desh” (O my Dearest Country)
  • State Festival of Assam: Bihu
  • State Bird of Assam : White-winged duck
  • State Flower of Assam : Foxtail orchid
  • State Animal of Assam : Indian rhinoceros
  • State Tree of Assam : Hollong
  • State Legislature type: Unicameral
  • State Legislative Assembly Seats : 126 seats
  • Representation to the Parliament of India
    • Rajya Sabha: 7 seats
    • Lok Sabha: 14 seats
  • High Court of Assam : Guwahati High Court
  • Official Language of Assam : Assamese (Axomiya), Bodo, Bengali (Barak Valley)
  • State Vehicle registration Code of Assam : AS

Manipur

  • Area: 22,327 km2 (8,621 sq mi), Rank: 23rd among Indian States
  • Manipur was before a ‘Manipur Kingdom’ and admission to Indian union on 15 October 1949. Manipur was a union territory from 1956 and Manipur state was formed in 1972.
  • State Motto of Manipur : Kanglasha (The Dragon Lord)
  • State Anthem of Manipur : “Sana Leibak Manipur” (Manipur, Land of Gold)
  • State Bird of Manipur : Nongin
  • State Fish of Manipur : Pengba
  • State Flower of Manipur : Shirui lily (Lilium mackliniae)
  • State Animal of Manipur : Sangai
  • State Tree of Manipur : Uningthou
  • State Legislature type: Unicameral
  • State Legislative Assembly Seats : 60 seats
  • Representation to the Parliament of India
    • Rajya Sabha: 1 seats
    • Lok Sabha: 2 seats
  • High Court of Manipur : Manipur High Court
  • State Language of Manipur : Meitei language
  • State Vehicle registration Code of Manipur : MN

Meghalaya

  • Area: 22,429 km2 (8,660 sq mi), Rank: 24th among Indian States
  • Meghalaya was before a part of Assam.
    Meghalaya state was formed on 21 January 1972.
  • State Motto of Meghalaya : Satyameva Jayate (Truth alone triumphs)
  • tate Anthem of Meghalaya : Meghalaya Geet (Song of Meghalaya)
  • State Bird of Meghalaya : Hill myna
  • State Flower of Meghalaya : Lady’s Slipper Orchid
  • State Animal of Meghalaya : Clouded leopard
  • State Tree of Meghalaya : Gamhar
  • State Legislature type: Unicameral
  • State Legislative Assembly Seats : 60 seats
  • Representation to the Parliament of India
    • Rajya Sabha: 1 seats
    • Lok Sabha: 2 seats
  • High Court of Meghalaya : Meghalaya High Court
  • Official Language of Meghalaya : English
  • State Vehicle registration Code of Meghalaya : ML

Mizoram

  • Area: 21,081 km2 (8,139 sq mi)
  • Mizoram was before a part of Assam, known as the Lushai Hills District of Assam.
    In 1954, the Lushai Hills was renamed as Mizo Hills District.
    In 1972, Mizo Hills District was declared a union territory and was given its present-day name: Mizoram. Mizoram state was formed on 20 February 1987
  • State Motto of Mizoram : Satyameva Jayate (Truth alone triumphs)
  • State Anthem of Mizoram :
  • State Bird of Mizoram : Mrs. Hume’s pheasant
  • State Flower of Mizoram : Red Vanda
  • State Animal of Mizoram : Himalayan serow
  • State Fish of Mizoram: Burmese Kingfish (Ngahvang)
  • State Tree of Mizoram : Indian rose chestnut
  • State Fruit of Mizoram: Passion Fruit
  • State Dance of Mizoram: Bamboo dance or Cheraw Dance
  • State Legislature type: Unicameral
  • State Legislative Assembly Seats : 40 seats
  • Representation to the Parliament of India
    • Rajya Sabha: 1 seats
    • Lok Sabha: 1 seat
  • High Court of Mizoram : Gauhati High Court
  • Official Language of Mizoram : Mizo, English
  • State Vehicle registration Code of Mizoram : MZ

Nagaland

  • Area: 16,579 km2 (6,401 sq mi), Rank: 25th among states in India
  • Nagaland was before a part of Assam.
    Nagaland state was formed on 1 December 1963
  • State Motto of Nagaland : Unity
  • State Bird of Nagaland : Blyth’s tragopan
  • State Flower of Nagaland : Rhododendron
  • State Animal of Nagaland : Mithun
  • State Fish of Nagaland : Chocolate Mahseer
  • State Tree of Nagaland : Alder
  • State Fruit of Nagaland : Pineapple
  • State Legislature type: Unicameral
  • State Legislative Assembly Seats : 60 seats
  • Representation to the Parliament of India
    • Rajya Sabha: 1 seats
    • Lok Sabha: 1 seat
  • High Court of Nagaland : Guwahati High Court -Kohima Bench
  • Official Language of Nagaland :  English
  • State Vehicle registration Code of Nagaland : NL

Tripura

  • Area: 10,491 km2 (4,051 sq mi), Rank: 28th among the states in India
  • Tripura was before a “Princely state of Tripura”. Tripura  was admitted to the union of India on 15 October 1949. It existed as a union territory from 1 November 1956
    and finally Tripura State was formed on 21 January 1972.
  • State Motto of Tripura: Satyameva Jayate (Truth alone triumphs)
  • State Bird of Tripura: Green imperial pigeon
  • State Flower of Tripura: Indian rose chestnut
  • State Animal of Tripura: Phayre’s leaf monkey
  • State Fish of Tripura: Pabda
  • State Tree of Tripura: Agarwood
  • State Fruit of Tripura: Queen pineapple
  • State Legislature type: Unicameral
  • State Legislative Assembly Seats : 60 seats
  • Representation to the Parliament of India
    • Rajya Sabha: 1 seats
    • Lok Sabha: 2 seats
  • High Court of Tripura: Tripura High Court
  • Official Language of Tripura:  Bengali, English, Kokborok
  • State Vehicle registration Code of Tripura: TR

Sikkim

  • Area: 7,096 km2 (2,740 sq mi), Rank: 27th among the States in India
  • Sikkim existed before as the “Kingdom of Sikkim”. Sikkim State was formed on 16 May 1975.
  • State Motto of Sikkim: Kham sum wangdu (Conqueror of the three worlds)
  • State Anthem of Sikkim: Jahan Bagcha Teesta Rangeet (Where Teesta and Rangeet flow)
  • Official Emblem of Sikkim: Kham-sum-wangdu
  • State Bird of Sikkim: Blood pheasant
  • State Flower of Sikkim: Noble dendrobium
  • State Animal of Sikkim: Red panda
  • State Fish of Sikkim: Copper Mahseer
  • State Tree of Sikkim: Rhododendron
  • State Fruit of Sikkim: Sikkim Mandarin
  • State Legislature type: Unicameral
  • State Legislative Assembly Seats : 32 seats
  • Representation to the Parliament of India
    • Rajya Sabha: 1 seat
    • Lok Sabha: 1  seat
  • High Court of Sikkim: Sikkim High Court
  • Official Language of Sikkim:  English, Nepali, Sikkimese, and Lepcha
  • State Vehicle registration Code of Sikkim: SK

 

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