President’s Rule have been imposed in Nagaland for four times since creation of Statehood in 1963 as given in the list ahead.
What is President’s Rule?
- In India, President’s rule refers to suspension of state government and imposition of direct Central Government rule in a state.
- Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a state government is unable to function according to the constitutional provisions, the Central government can take direct control of the state machinery.
- Executive authority is exercised through the centrally appointed governor, who has the authority to appoint other administrators to assist them. The administrators are usually nonpartisan retired civil servants.
- During President’s rule, the Council of Ministers is dissolved, vacating the office of Chief Minister.
- The State Legislative assembly or Vidhan Sabha is either prorogued or dissolved, necessitating a new election.
When a state government is functioning correctly, the State is run by an elected Council of Ministers from the state’s legislative assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The council of ministers is led by the Chief Minister.
- The Chief Minister is the chief executive of the state.
- The Governor is only a constitutional head.
General Election vis-à-vis President’s Rule in Nagaland (with Dates)
1st General Election – January 10-16, 1964
2nd General Election – February 6, 1969
3rd General Election – February 12-16, 1974
President’s Rule – 20-Mar-1975 To 25-Nov-1977 (32 months 5 days)
4th General Election – 18.11.1977
5th General Election – 10.11.1982
6th General Election – 18.11.1987
President’s Rule -07-Aug-1988 to 25-Jan-1989 (5 months 18 days)
7th General Election – 21.01.1989
President’s Rule – 02-Apr-1992 to 22-Feb-1993 (12 months 20 days)
8th General Election – February 15-22, 1993
9th General Election – February 23, 1998
10th General Election – February 26, 2003
President’s Rule – 03-Jan-2008 to 12-Mar-2008 (2 months 9 days)
11th General Election – March 5, 2008
12th General Election – February 23, 2013
13th General Election – 27 February, 2018
President’s Rule in Nagaland
- First President’s rule in Nagaland:
- From 20-Mar-1975 To 25-Nov-1977 (32 months 5 days)
- The longest President’s Rule in Nagaland so far.
- Cause: Defections and counter defections led to imposition of President’s rule
- Governor: L.P. Singh, ICS
- Second President’s rule in Nagaland:
- From 07-Aug-1988 to 25-Jan-1989 (5 months 18 days)
- Cause: The state was under a brief spell of central rule after the Hokishe Sema-led Congress government was reduced to a minority.
- Governor: Gen.(Retd.) K. V. Krishna Rao
- Third President’s rule in Nagaland:
- From 02-Apr-1992 to 22-Feb-1993 (12 months 20 days)
- Cause: Fluid party position and deteriorating law and order situation
- Governor: Dr. M.M. Thomas (9 May 1990 to 12 April 1992), Loknath Mishra 13 April 1992 to 1 October 1993
- Fourth President’s rule in Nagaland:
- From 03-Jan-2008 to 12-Mar-2008 (2 months 9 days)
- The shortest President’s Rule in Nagaland so far.
- Cause: Government dismissed after controversial confidence vote secured in the Assembly by CM Neiphiu Rio
- Governor: Governor K Shankaranarayanan