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Basic Facts on Nagaland State



Some Basic facts of Nagaland State:

State Formation:

  • Formed: 1st December 1963
  • 16th state of India
  • Capital of Nagaland: Kohima.
  • Official Language – English
  • Type of Legislative Assembly: unicameral
  • No. of Assembly Constituencies seats: 60
  • No. of Parliamentary Constituency (Lok Sabha): 1
  • No. of Parliamentary Constituency (Rajya Sabha): 1

(For more details, refer “History of formation of Nagaland and its districts“)

Naga Tribes:

  • 16 recognized tribes of Nagaland: Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Kachari, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Kuki, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sangtam, Sumi, Yimchunger, and Zeliang
  • The following nine (9) Naga Tribes are considered ‘backward tribes’ for the purpose of reservation namely – Chakhesang, Chang, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Phom, Pochury, Sangtam, Yimchunger and Zeliang. Besides the above, ‘Sumis’ from Kiphire District are also entitled reservations under backward category.
  •  Recognised Naga Tribes in Nagaland State:
  1. Angami
  2. Ao
  3. Chakhesang
  4. Chang
  5. Khiamnuingam
  6. Konyak
  7. Lotha
  8. Phom
  9. Pochury
  10. Rengma
  11. Sangtam
  12. Sumi
  13. Yimchungru
  14. Zeliang
  • Other Scheduled Tribes recognized by the Government of Nagaland:
  1. Garo
  2. Kachari
  3. Kuki
  4. Mikir
  5. Naga

Reference: Dept. Personnel and Administrative Reforms , nagaland.gov.in

Nagaland State Symbols:

    • State Animal: Mithun
    • State Bird: Blyth’s tragopan (Tragopan blythii)
    • State Flower: Rhododendron
    • State Tree: Alder

Nagaland Census Related Basic Facts (Census 2011)

  • Population – 19,78,502 Persons (Census 2011)
  • Density of Population – 119 per sq. km (Census 2011) (National average is 382 per sq km)(2011 Census)
  • Sex Ratio – 931 Females : 1000 Males
  • Literacy Rate – 79.55%
    a. Male – 82.75 %
    b. Female – 70.01%
  • Total Male population: 10,24,649 (2011 Census)
  • Total Female Population: 9,53,853 (2011 Census)
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.770 (high)

Nagaland Geography

  • Total Area: 16,579 square kilometers (6,401 sq mi)
  • Area rank: 26th in India
  • Capital: Kohima (Altitude: 1,444.12 Mtrs. above Sea Level)
  • Districts: 12 (since 21 December 2017 with addition of Noklak)
  • Districts Names: (1) Kohima (2) Mokokchung (3) Tuensang (4) Mon (5) Wokha (6) Zunheboto (7) Phek (8) Dimapur  (9) Peren (10) Longleng (11) Kiphire (12)Noklak 
  • Latitude and Longitude:  Between 25° 6’ N and 27° 4’ N Latitude and 93° 20’ E and 95° 15’ E Longitude
  • Nagaland State Boundaries –
    East – Myanmar & Arunachal Pradesh
    West – Assam
    North – Assam & Arunachal Pradesh
    South – Manipur.
  • Largest city: Dimapur
  • Largest District: Tuensang
  • Smallest District: Longleng
  • Biggest Village:  Kohima Village (considered to be the second largest village in Asia)

Nagaland Physiography

  • Highest Peak: Mount Saramati, Kiphire (3840 meters)
  • Second Highest Peak: Japfü Peak (3048 mtrs)
  • Biggest river: Doyang, Wokha
  • Biggest Lake: Shilloi Lake, Phek
  • Soil Types: ferrugineous red soils and laterites
  • Seismic Zone: Zone V (Very High Damage Risk Zone) of the seismic zoning map of India

Nagaland Climate

  • Nagaland enjoys a pleasant and moderate climate throughout the year.
  • Climate in Nagaland is classified as Sub-Alpine climate / salubrious climate.
  • Annual rainfall averages around 70–100 inches (1,800–2,500 mm), concentrated in the months of May to September.
  • Temperatures range from 21 °C (70 °F) to 40 °C (104 °F )
  • Wind:  Strong Northwest winds generally during February and March.

Nagaland Flora and fauna

Dominant flora:

Mahogany, Palms, Rattan, Bamboo, Pinus Khasyia, Pinus Caribiae, Rubia cordifolia, Passiflora edulis, Oroxylum indicum, Elaeocarpus ganitrus, Dipterocarpous macrocarpous, Shorea assamica, Mesua ferra, Panax gensing, Aquilaria agallocha, Pleoni, Phauis, Cymbidium tigrinum etc.



Dominant fauna:

Mammals – Tiger, Elephant, Wild Dog, Mithun, Hoolock Gibbon, Goral, Barking Deer, Kallej, Sloth Bear, Flying Squirrel, Buffaloes, Sloth bears, Palm civets, Leopards, Pangolins, Porcupine, Sambar, Elephants etc.

Forest types of Nagaland:

    • Northern Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests (found in parts of Mon District)
    • Northern Tropical Semi Evergreen Forests (found in foothills of Assam-Nagaland border in Mokokchung, Wokha and Kohima Districts)
    • Northern Sub-tropical Broad Leaved Wet Hill Forests (found in hill areas below 1800 m and above 500 m)
    • Northern Sub-tropical Pine Forests (found in hill elevation of 1000 meters to 1500 meters in parts of Phek and Tuensang Districts of Nagaland
    • Northern Montane Wet- temperate Forests (found on the higher reaches of the tallest mountains in Nagaland above 2000 meters in – Japfu, Saramati, Satoi, Chentang ranges.)
    • Temperate Forests (found in peaks of the tallest mountains (above 2500 meters) like Saramati and Dzukou area)

(More details on forests types of Nagaland here)

Rivers of Nagaland

  • The major rivers of Nagaland are: Doyang, Dhansiri, Dikhu, Milak, Zungki and Tizu.
  • Biggest / Longest river “in Nagaland”: Doyang, Wokha
  • Rivers which drains into Brahmaputra: Doyang, Dikhu, Dhansiri flows westward and drains into Brahmaputra.
  • Rivers which drains into Chindwin river in Burma: Tizu river flows eastwards and drains into Chindwin river in Burma.

Nagaland has protected areas as under:

• Intangki National Park, Peren district > Area: 202.02 Sq. Kms.
• Rangapahar Wildlife Sanctuary, Dimapur district > Area: 4.70 Sq. Kms.
• Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, Tuensang district > Area: 6.42 Sq. Kms.
• Puliebadze Wildlife Sanctuary, Kohima district > Area: 9.23 Sq. Kms.

References:

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