Some Basic facts of Nagaland State:
- Formed: 1st December 1963
- 16th state of India
- Capital of Nagaland: Kohima.
- Official Language – English
- Type of Legislative Assembly: unicameral
- No. of Assembly Constituencies seats: 60
- No. of Parliamentary Constituency (Lok Sabha): 1
- No. of Parliamentary Constituency (Rajya Sabha): 1
(For more details, refer “History of formation of Nagaland and its districts“)
- 16 recognized tribes of Nagaland: Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Kachari, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Kuki, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sangtam, Sumi, Yimchunger, and Zeliang
- The following nine (9) Naga Tribes are considered ‘backward tribes’ for the purpose of reservation namely – Chakhesang, Chang, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Phom, Pochury, Sangtam, Yimchunger and Zeliang. Besides the above, ‘Sumis’ from Kiphire District are also entitled reservations under backward category.
- Naga Tribes in Nagaland :
- Other Scheduled Tribes recognized by the Government of Nagaland:
Nagaland State Symbols:
- State Animal: Mithun
- State Bird: Blyth’s tragopan (Tragopan blythii)
- State Flower: Rhododendron
- State Tree: Alder
Nagaland Census Related Basic Facts (Census 2011)
- Population – 19,78,502 Persons (Census 2011)
- Density of Population – 119 per sq. km (Census 2011) (National average is 382 per sq km)(2011 Census)
- Sex Ratio – 931 Females : 1000 Males
- Literacy Rate – 79.55%
a. Male – 82.75 %
b. Female – 70.01%
- Total Male population: 10,24,649 (2011 Census)
- Total Female Population: 9,53,853 (2011 Census)
- Human Development Index (HDI): 0.770 (high)
- Total Area: 16,579 square kilometers (6,401 sq mi)
- Area rank: 26th in India
- Capital: Kohima (Altitude: 1,444.12 Mtrs. above Sea Level)
- Districts: 12 (since 21 December 2017 with addition of Noklak)
- Districts Names: (1) Kohima (2) Mokokchung (3) Tuensang (4) Mon (5) Wokha (6) Zunheboto (7) Phek (8) Dimapur (9) Peren (10) Longleng (11) Kiphire (12)Noklak
- Latitude and Longitude: Between 25° 6’ N and 27° 4’ N Latitude and 93° 20’ E and 95° 15’ E Longitude
- Nagaland State shares boundaries with –
East – Myanmar & Arunachal Pradesh
West – Assam
North – Assam & Arunachal Pradesh
South – Manipur.
- Largest City: Dimapur
- Largest District: Tuensang
- Smallest District: Longleng
- Biggest Village: Kohima Village (considered to be the second largest village in Asia)
Nagaland has protected areas as under:
• Intangki National Park, Peren district > Area: 202.02 Sq. Kms.
• Rangapahar Wildlife Sanctuary, Dimapur district > Area: 4.70 Sq. Kms.
• Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary, Tuensang district > Area: 6.42 Sq. Kms.
• Puliebadze Wildlife Sanctuary, Kohima district > Area: 9.23 Sq. Kms.
- Highest Peak: Mount Saramati, Kiphire (3840 meters)
- Second Highest Peak: Japfü Peak (3048 mtrs)
- Biggest river: Doyang, Wokha
- Biggest Lake: Shilloi Lake, Phek
- Soil Types: ferrugineous red soils and laterites
- Seismic Zone: Zone V (Very High Damage Risk Zone) of the seismic zoning map of India
- Nagaland enjoys a pleasant and moderate climate throughout the year.
- Climate in Nagaland is classified as Sub-Alpine climate / salubrious climate.
- Annual rainfall averages around 70–100 inches (1,800–2,500 mm), concentrated in the months of May to September.
- Temperatures range from 21 °C (70 °F) to 40 °C (104 °F )
- Wind: Strong Northwest winds generally during February and March.
Nagaland Flora and fauna
Mahogany, Palms, Rattan, Bamboo, Pinus Khasyia, Pinus Caribiae, Rubia cordifolia, Passiflora edulis, Oroxylum indicum, Elaeocarpus ganitrus, Dipterocarpous macrocarpous, Shorea assamica, Mesua ferra, Panax gensing, Aquilaria agallocha, Pleoni, Phauis, Cymbidium tigrinum etc.
Mammals – Tiger, Elephant, Wild Dog, Mithun, Hoolock Gibbon, Goral, Barking Deer, Kallej, Sloth Bear, Flying Squirrel, Buffaloes, Sloth bears, Palm civets, Leopards, Pangolins, Porcupine, Sambar, Elephants etc.
Forest types of Nagaland:
- Northern Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests (found in parts of Mon District)
- Northern Tropical Semi Evergreen Forests (found in foothills of Assam-Nagaland border in Mokokchung, Wokha and Kohima Districts)
- Northern Sub-tropical Broad Leaved Wet Hill Forests (found in hill areas below 1800 m and above 500 m)
- Northern Sub-tropical Pine Forests (found in hill elevation of 1000 meters to 1500 meters in parts of Phek and Tuensang Districts of Nagaland
- Northern Montane Wet- temperate Forests (found on the higher reaches of the tallest mountains in Nagaland above 2000 meters in – Japfu, Saramati, Satoi, Chentang ranges.)
- Temperate Forests (found in peaks of the tallest mountains (above 2500 meters) like Saramati and Dzukou area)
(More details on forests types of Nagaland here)
Rivers of Nagaland
- The major rivers of Nagaland are: Doyang, Dhansiri, Dikhu, Milak, Zungki and Tizu.
- Biggest / Longest river “in Nagaland”: Doyang, Wokha
- Rivers which drains into Brahmaputra: Doyang, Dikhu, Dhansiri flows westward and drains into Brahmaputra.
- Rivers which drains into Chindwin river in Burma: Tizu river flows eastwards and drains into Chindwin river in Burma.
Mineral Resources of Nagaland
- Coal, limestone, nickel, cobalt, chromium, magnetite, copper, zinc, platinum, petroleum and natural gas are the major minerals available in Nagaland.
- The State has huge caches of unutilized and unexploited limestone, marble, granite, petroleum and natural gas.
- Tribes of Nagaland and respective districts
- National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Nagaland
- Rivers of Nagaland