Tribes of Nagaland and districts

Naga Tribes Primary Districts

A brief summary of the Naga Tribes of Nagaland and their primary place of habitation in Nagaland.

The word ‘Naga‘ is a vaguely defined umbrella term for several indigenous communities in North-East India and Western Burma. In India, Nagas are found in:

  • Nagaland,
  • four Districts in Manipur,
  • one District in Assam and
  • two Districts in Arunachal Pradesh.

In addition to this, many Nagas also inhabit Western parts of Myanmar (Burma).

List of recognized Scheduled Tribes in Nagaland

Nagaland is a hilly state in the North East of India and is home to several tribes. Nagaland has five communities notified as Scheduled Tribes. These are the recognized Scheduled Tribes in Nagaland.

  1. Nagas (Indigenous of Nagaland)
  2. Kachari (Indigenous of Nagaland)
  3. Kuki (Indigenous of Nagaland)
  4. Garo (Indigenous of Nagaland)
  5. Mikhir (Indigenous of Nagaland)

List of recognized Naga Tribes in Nagaland:

As per the Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms post on its website in 2016 citing Home Department notification of 2009 , there were 14 officially recognized Naga Tribes in Nagaland. After the recognition of Tikhir as a separate Naga tribe in Jan. 2022, there should now be 15 recognized Naga tribes in Nagaland as given below.

(1) Angami,(2) Ao, (3) Chakhesang, (4) Chang, (5) Khiamniungan , (6) Konyak , (7) Lotha , (8)Phom, (9) Pochury, (10) Rengma, (11) Sangtam , (12) Sumi , (13)Tikhir, (14) Yimchunger , (15) Zeliang

Tikhir Naga Tribe was a sub-tribe under Yimchunger (now Yimkhiung) tribe before the recognition of Tikhir as a Naga Tribe by Govt. of Nagaland in 2022.


Districts of Nagaland and inhabitants:

[Note: If you are viewing this on mobile device, swipe / scroll horizontally on the table to see all columns]

[To be Updated]

District / TerritoryMajor Tribes / Primary Inhabitants
Meluri (Phek)Pochury
TuensangChang, Sangtam, Yimkhiung
KiphireYimkhiung, Sangtam, Sumi
PerenZeliang, Kuki
ShamatorYimkhiung, Tikhir


  • The tribes and districts listed above is just an indication of the primary inhabitants of the districts. There are some tribes which are also found in multiple districts. For example: Kiphire is inhabited by Yimchungrü, Sangtam and Sumi Naga tribes.
  • Some Naga tribes listed above can be found in across several states and in Myanmar also.
  • The term Naga is a generic term which includes various tribes generally found inhabiting Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar (Burma). The above list is only the tribes in Nagaland.

Read More:  List of recognized Naga tribes of Nagaland