Nagaland Police department is the biggest Directorate in the state of Nagaland consisting of more than 25,000 employees. One of the primary functions of the police is to provide security and maintenance of law and order. One of the most important unit of the State police is the ‘police station’ -where the criminal justice system is put into motion by registration of FIR which can only be done at a police station as per the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC). Beside receiving FIR and subsequent investigation of cases, the police department consists of various wings to assist the police in various operations and activities of the department.
Though there were police station in existence prior to the formation of Nagaland State while Naga areas were still under the administrative control of Assam, Nagaland Police as a ‘state police’ existed after attaining statehood on 1st December 1963.
District Executive Force (DEF) Kohima was established in 1914 during WWI to assist the District Administration during the British rule. Prior to 1963, Kohima was a sub-division of Naga Hills district under Assam state.
North Police Station, Kohima is the first / oldest police station established by the British in 1933.
Dimapur Police Station was established in the year 1939 located near Old N.S.T Bus station, Dimapur. Nagaland Police took over from Assam Police after attaining statehood.
The Nagaland Police department is headed by an officer of the rank of Director General of Police (DGP).
Nagaland Police Motto:
Security, Service and Sacrifice
Nagaland Police Logo/Insignia:
- Prior to 15th May, 1985 the insignia of Nagaland Police had a black charging bull on yellow and red background.
Pic: Old Nagaland Police Insignia / Logo
- On May 15, 1985 Nagaland Police received the President’s Color presented by the-then governor, K V Krishna Rao, on behalf of the President of India. Since then, the insignia of Nagaland Police has:
- Red and Blue background
- Emblem of India
- Black charging bull
- The President’s Colour is one of the highest honour that can be awarded to any military unit, military training establishments and state/UT Police Forces of India. It is bestowed upon in recognition of exceptional service of at least 25 years rendered by a military unit to the nation, both during war and peace. It is also known as “Rashtrapati ka Nishaan” in Hindi. [Read more about the President’s Color]
The organisational structure of the Nagaland Police includes various wings such as:
- DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE (DEF)
- NAGALAND ARMED POLICE (NAP) BATTALIONS
- NAGALAND POLICE TELE-COMMUNICATION ORG. (NPTO)
- NAGALAND ARMED POLICE TRAINING CENTRE (NAPTC)
- POLICE TRAINING SCHOOL (PTS)
- INTELLIGENCE BRANCH
- CRIME BRANCH
- FORENSIC SCIENCE LABORATORY (FSL)
Out of all the different wings in the State Police, the District Executive Force and the Nagaland Armed Police are the primary two wings with wide coverage.
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE (DEF)
- The state police has a unit in each district known as the ‘District Executive Force (DEF)‘.
- The no. of DEFs in the State is usually** analogous with the number of Districts in the State – the no. of DEFs in the State is equal to the no. of districts in the State.
- Each DEF is headed by an officer in the rank of the Superintendent of Police or a Commissioner of Police in the case of a ‘commissionerate system’ like Dimapur.
- The DEF includes both armed and unarmed police.
- **The jurisdiction of a police district many not be the same as revenue district.
Example: Dimapur, Chumoukedima and Nuiland are separate renenue districts, but these three district comes under the office of the same police district (Dimapur), that is, Commissioner of Police, Dimapur.
The Nagaland Police District Executive force is divided into two main branches viz. Unarmed and Armed Branch.
The Armed Branch comprises of:-
a) A force special1y trained in the quelling of disturbances and quasi-military duties, known as the Armed Police Reserve.
b) A force for the supply of guards and armed escorts.
c) Certain miscellaneous personnel, as armourers and buglers.
d) An ordinary reserve in the rank of Constable, to provide for leave, sickness, training and other vacancies.
The Unarmed Branch comprises of:-
a) The staffs of investigating centre’s (police stations) and outpost, including beat-posts.
b) The staffs of Court Offices, including Constables provided for guarding prisoners in the Court lock-up, or property in the Court Malkhana.
c) A force specially trained in Traffic Regulation and Surveillance.
d) The Railway Police, for duty on the Railway of the Province.
e) The Criminal Investigation Department.
f) Certain miscellaneous personnel, such as orderlies and patrol parties.
g) As ordinary reserve, in the rank of Constable, to provide for leave, sickness, training and other
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – KOHIMA
- Established in 1914 during WWI to assist the district administration under the British Rule. Prior to 1963, Kohima was a sub-division of Naga Hills District under Assam State.
- Police administration was administered by Deputy Commissioner, Naga Hills.
- The first Superintendent of Police, Kohima, Shri. Kumar Randip Singh, IPS was posted on 28th December 1953.
- There are seven (7) police stations under DEF Kohima as of 2022 namely –
- Kohima North PS
- Kohima South PS
- Khuzama PS
- Chiephobozou PS
- Sechu (Zubza) PS
- Kezocha PS and
- Kohima Women PS.
- North Police Station Kohima is the first and the oldest police station in Naga inhabitated area established in 1933 by the British. UBSI Shri. T. Chotia was the first OC.
- The only dog squad in Nagaland Police established in 1972 is managed by DEF Kohima.
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – MOKOKCHUNG
- In 1957, the Tuensang Frontier Division (under NEFA) was merged with the Naga Hills District of Assam to form an administrative unit called the Naga Hills Tuensang Area through The Naga Hills- Tuensang Area Act, 1957.
- Mokokchung was earlier a sub-divison was upgraded to full fledged district when Naga Hills – Tuensang Area (NHTA) was formed with Kohima, Mokokchung and Tuensang as its districts.
- SP Office Mokokchung was created in 1964.
- Shri. S.R.Dey was the first Superintendent of Police, Mokokchung and started functioning as a full fledged unit from 25th Feb. 1966, which is considered as the year of establishment.
- There are nine (9) police stations under DEF Mokokchung as of 2022 namely –
- PS – II
- Mangkolemba PS
- Changtongya PS
- Kobulong PS
- Tuli PS
- Longchem PS
- Longtho PS
- Mokokchung Women PS
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – TUENSANG
Motto: Sentinels of Amity
- Prior to 1 December 1957, Tuensang was a division under North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA).
- In 1957, the Tuensang Frontier Division (under NEFA) was merged with the Naga Hills District of Assam to form the Naga Hills Tuensang Area through The Naga Hills- Tuensang Area Act, 1957.
- Tuensang became a district in 1957 when NHTA was form with Kohima, Mokokchung and Tuensang as its districts.
- First police station was created in 1966 in Tuensang town, which was earlier under the supervisory control of SP Mokokchung.
- Tuensang became a full fledged police district with an SP posted in 1976.
- There are only four (4) functional police stations in Tuensang as of 2022 namely-
- Tuensang PS
- Longkhim PS
- Noksen PS
- Tuensang Women PS
Shamator PS and Chessore PS earlier under DEF Tuensang are now under DEF Shamator, whereas, Noklak PS, Panso PS and Thonoknyu PS earlier under Tuensang DEF are now under Noklak DEF.
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – MON
Motto: Protectors of Truth & Justice
- Mon became a full fledged police district in 1981 with the posting of Shri. T.M.Wati, IPS as the first Superintendent of Police, Mon.
- The first police stations in Mon area were at Mon town and Naginimora eastablished in 1969, which were under the supervisory control of SP Mokokchung till 1981.
- There are nine (9) notified police stations under DEF Mon as of 2022 namely –
- Mon PS
- Nagnimora PS
- Tizit PS
- Tobu PS
- Aboi PS
- Angjangyang PS
- Mon Women PS
- Tiru PS (not operational yet)
- Wakching PS (not operational yet)
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – WOKHA
Motto: The Tiyi Guardians
- In 1957 when NHTA was formed, Wokha was a sub-division under Mokokchung district, and remained so until it became a district in 1973.
- The first police station was established in Wokha in 1964, under the supervisory control of SP Mokokchung.
- The first Superintendent of Police, Wokha was Shri. V.K. Peseyie, NPS posted on 18th August 1981.
- There are seven (7) notified police stations under DEF Wokha as of 2022 namely-
- Wokha PS
- Bhandari PS
- Sanis PS
- Ralan PS
- Sungro PS
- Wokha Women PS
- Changpang PS (not operational yet)
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – PHEK
Motto: To Serve & To Protect
- Phek district was created in 1973 from Kohima district.
- Phek PS and Pfutsero PS were the first police stations established in Phek area in 1963, under the supervisory control of SP Kohima.
- The first Superintendent of Police, Phek was Shri. Taku Jamir, IPS and DEF Phek started operating as separate unit from 24th August 1981.
- There are eight (8) police stations under DEF Phek as of 2022, namely –
- Phek PS
- Pfutsero PS
- Meluri PS
- Chozuba PS
- Chizami PS
- Khezhakeno PS
- Wazeho PS
- Phek Women PS
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – ZUNHEBOTO
Motto: Peace Warriors
- Zunheboto which was earlier a sub-division under Mokokchung district, became a district in 1973.
- Zunheboto became a full fledged police district on 1st September 1981, with Shri. Tokuho Sema, NPS, as the first Superintendent of Police, Zunheboto.
- There are ten (10) notified police stations under DEF Zunheboto as of 2022, namely –
- Zunheboto PS
- Sathakha PS
- Aghunato PS
- Akuluto PS
- Pughoboto PS
- Ghatashi PS
- V.K. Town PS
- Suruhuto PS
- Zunheboto Women PS
- Atoizu PS
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – PEREN
Motto: To Protect & To Serve
- Peren became a full fledged district on 11 February 2003.
- Peren became a full fledge police district on 29th July 1993 with Shri. Lemponok Ao, NPS posted as the first Superintendent of Police, Peren.
- There are six (6) notified police stations under DEF Peren as of 2022, namely –
- Peren Women PS
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – KIPHIRE
Motto: The Saramati Rangers
- Kiphire became a police district on 29th July 1993 with Shri. Onensuja Ao, IPS was the first Superintendent of Police, Kiphire.
- The first police station in Kiphire area is Kiphire PS which was upgraded from police outpost to full fledges police station in 1985, which was functioning under SP Tuensang.
- There are four (4) notified police stations under DEF Kiphire as of 2022, namely –
- Kiphire PS
- Pungro PS
- Kiphire Women PS
- Seyochung PS (not operational yet)
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – LONGLENG
Motto: For Service & Justice
- Longleng was a sub-division under Tuensang district, which was upgraded to full-fledged district in 2004.
- Longleng became a full fledged police district with Shri. Bidhu Shekhar, IPS posted as the first Superintendent of Police, Longleng .
DIMAPUR POLICE COMMISSIONERATE
Motto: For Service & Justice
Estd: 1983 (SP Office)
- The first police station in Dimapur area was established in 1939 – the Dimapur Police Station – while Naga Hills was still under the administrative control of Assam.
- Dimapur Police Station was earlier located at Old NST building and later shifted to the present East PS.
- In the year 1982, Dimapur Police District was created and separated from DEF Kohima with Shri Aonochet Ao, IPS as the first Addl. Superintendent of Police, Dimapur.
- The full fledged post of Superintendent of Police, Dimapur was created in the year The full fledged post of Superintendent of Police, Dimapur was created in the year 1983 with Shri S. Akang Jamir, IPS as the first Superintendent of Police, Dimapur.
- In the year 2015, the District Executive Force under Superintendent of Police, Dimapur was upgraded to Police Commissionerate, Dimapur and inaugurated on 15th April, 2015, by the then Hon’ble Chief Minister of Nagaland, Shri. T.R. Zeliang with Shri Liremo Tsopoe Lotha IPS as the first Commissioner of Police, Dimapur.
- The Dimapur Police Commissionerate is headed by the Commissioner of Police, who is a police officer in the rank of Deputy Inspector General (DIG).
- As of 2022, though Chumukedima and Niuland are separate renenue districts carved out from Dimapur district, Chumukedima and Niuland are still under the Office of the Commissioner of Police, Dimapur.
- As such, number of notified police stations under the Commissioner of Police, Dimapur as of 2022: nine (9)
- East PS
- West PS
- Medziphema PS
- Govt. Railway PS
- Sub-urban PS
- Diphupar PS
- Niuland PS
- Dimapur Women PS
- Chumukedima PS
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – NOKLAK
Motto: <to be updated>
- Noklak is the 12th district of Nagaland notified on 21 December 2017 and Noklak district was notified as a full fledged revenue district under Deputy Commissioner on 10th July 2020 and inaugurated on 20 January 2021.
- Number of notified police stations under DEF Noklak: 3
- Noklak PS
- Panso PS
- Thonoknyu PS
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – TSEMINYU
Motto: <to be updated>
- Tseminyu was notified a district on 20 December 2021.
- First Superintendent of Police of Tseminyu district: Kanchan Kandpal Kumar, IPS (Jan, 2022)
- Number of notified police stations under DEF Tseminyu: 1
- Tseminyu PS.
DISTRICT EXECUTIVE FORCE – SHAMATOR
Motto:<to be updated>
- Shamator district was notified on 20 January 2022.
- First Superintendent of Police of Shamator district is Shri. Amit Kumar, IPS.
- Number of notified police stations under DEF Shamator: 2
- Shamator PS
- Chessore PS
ABOUT : NAGALAND ARMED POLICE (NAP)
- NAP is the armed wing of the State Police which comprises of Battalions.
- Each NAP battalions are headed by an officer in the rank Commandant.
- NAP has 8 NAP Battalions and 7 NAP (IR) battalions based in different districts.